Subcostal

SUBCOSTAL


SC
Image from BSE website

LONG AXIS
Probe below xiphisternum angled up towards patient’s head with marker to left flank.


2D
Assess dimensions and functions of ventricles and valves.
Look for a pericardial effusion.

Colour
MV
TV
Septum (reduce nyquist limit to detect low velocity flow).

SHORT AXIS
Rotate probe anticlockwise looking at RA until IVC comes into view (often need to angle deeper too).
2D and M-mode of IVC.

Can get short axis view of LV too if poor PSAX images.

SUPRASTERNAL

SS


Image from BSE website

 
Use colour as well as 2D to inspect.
Measure Vmax of descending aorta.

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